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Sexual dysfunction is a problem that can affect men of all ages. It can be caused by physical or psychological factors, or a combination of both. Many men struggle to talk about sexual problems, which can make it difficult to get treatment. However, there are treatments available that can help.
What causes sexual dysfunction?
Sexual dysfunction can be caused by physical or psychological factors, or a combination of both. Physical causes include:
- hormonal problems, such as low testosterone
- heart and vascular (blood vessel) disease
- nerve damage from injury or surgery
- chronic health conditions, such as kidney failure or multiple sclerosis (MS)
- medications, such as antidepressants, blood pressure medications, and cancer treatments
- substance abuse
- sleep disorders
Psychological causes include:
- relationship problems
What are the symptoms of sexual dysfunction?
The symptoms of sexual dysfunction vary depending on the type of problem. They can include:
- decreased sexual desire
- trouble getting or keeping an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- trouble reaching orgasm
- pain during intercourse
How is sexual dysfunction diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and symptoms. They will also do a physical exam. They may order tests to check for underlying medical conditions. These may include blood tests, a urine test, or an imaging test.
How is sexual dysfunction treated?
Treatment for sexual dysfunction depends on the cause. It can include lifestyle changes, counseling, and medical treatments. Lifestyle changes that may help include:
- losing weight
- quitting smoking
- exercising regularly
- limiting alcohol
- reducing stress
Counseling can help with relationship problems or anxiety and stress. Medical treatments can help with physical causes of sexual dysfunction. These may include:
- hormone therapy
- vacuum devices
- medications, such as Viagra, Cialis, or Levitra
Sexual dysfunction is a common problem. There are many treatments available that can help. If you are struggling with sexual dysfunction, talk to your doctor. They can help you find the cause and the best treatment for you.