Erectile Dysfunction Erectile Dysfunction, or ED, is a condition in which a man has difficulty achieving or sustaining an erection. ED can be caused by a variety of factors, including...Read More
Erectile Dysfunction Lecture
Erectile Dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a type of sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity. ED can have psychological consequences as it can be tied to relationship difficulties and self-image.
A number of physical and psychological causes of ED exist. While most are treatable, some may require more invasive measures.
Causes of ED
ED may be caused by physical or psychological factors. Possible physical causes include:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Metabolic syndrome – a combination of increased blood pressure, high insulin levels, body fat around the waist, and high cholesterol
- Sleep disorders
- Treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
- Surgeries or injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord
- Low testosterone
Psychological factors that may contribute to ED include:
- Relationship problems
Symptoms of ED
The main symptom of ED is the inability to get or maintain an erection. This may happen at any time, with or without sexual arousal.
Other potential symptoms include:
- Reduced sexual desire
- Difficulty achieving orgasm
- Performance anxiety
Treatment of ED
While there is no cure for ED, there are treatments that can help. The first step is to see a doctor to find out what is causing the problem. The cause may be physical, psychological, or a combination of the two.
Once the cause is determined, treatment can begin. Possible treatments include:
- Medications – such as sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), or vardenafil (Levitra)
- Hormone therapy – for low testosterone levels
- Psychological counseling
- Vacuum devices – a plastic cylinder is placed over the penis and a pump is used to create a vacuum, which draws blood into the penis, causing an erection
- Surgery – for some men, surgery is an option if other treatments do not work
With treatment, ED can be managed in most men. However, it is important to see a doctor if the problem persists or is causing distress.